Schools are consistently going through transformations. New pedagogical research is published to indicate students would benefit from a particular style of learning, a resurgence of traditional learning is embraced or a push to integrate new technology is encouraged. However, there has never been a time where transforming learning has been more discussed, debated and urged than in the 21st century. A student learning in the 21st century no longer needs to attend school in order to have their vessel filled with knowledge by a teacher regurgitating information. The access to technology, the call to equip students with more transferable 21st century learning skills and a growing body of evidence of what effective learning and teaching truly looks like is pressuring schools to redefine their purpose.